The star of Bethlehem
In Madagascar there is an orchid with a spur, more than 30 cm long. It is called the Star of Bethlehem or Angraecum sesquipedale. When Darwin saw it in the 19th century, he realized that there must be a moth with almost as long a proboscis pollinating the orchid.
In 1903 such a moth was discovered in Madagascar, a moth given the name Xanthopan morgani ssp. praedicta. Praedicta means the predicted.
The pollination of the Star of Bethlehem takes place during night, and after a long time the pollination has been seen and filmed. The moth Xanthopan morganii praedicta pollinating the Star of Bethlehemn (new window)